Mono screen linocut. Bantum cockeral
Printmaking is a form of creating original artworks in multiples and not to be confused with a reproduction of a painting. The process of creating images on a flat surface; three types are relief block (linoleum, wood), intaglio (etching, engraving), and stencil (silkscreen).
A mixed media print refers to a work produced using two or more printing processes. Combinations are endless, reflecting the creativity and skill of the artist. Prints can be made using found objects which are arranged, inked and printed in the same way as etched or engraved plates.
What is an edition?
Printmaking artists can choose to make multiples of their prints due to the natural print process, they can choose to have an edition or not limit their work to an edition.
- An open edition means there is no limit to the amount of prints made of a certain image.
- An edition, normally indicated by a number, shows that there will only be a certain number of prints made of a particular image, for example 1/25 indicates that is a print number one of a possible 25.
- Varied edition is still an edition indicated by a number, with the inclusion of v.e. representing that the colour or other variant is in each print of that edition.
- A.P. indicates Artists Proof, an artist may just limit their print to just Artists’ Proofs’ and decide not to run an edition, this means it is a limited edition
What is a screen-print?
Screenprinting is a form of stencilling using a fine mesh stretched over a wooden frame. In the case of the Cockerel Bachelor prints, a stencil has been created of the cockerel and transferred to a screen. The inks are applied only through the stencilled area using a squeegee. Several inks are used at the same time, and each image of the cockerel made is unique as the mixture of the inks becomes random, therefore the process becomes mono-screenprinting. The editions are referred to as varied as no cockerel print will be exactly the same colour.
What is a linocut?
Linocut is a printmaking technique, a variant of woodcut in which a sheet of linoleum is used for the relief surface. A design is cut into the linoleum surface with a sharp knife, V-shaped chisel or gouge, with the uncarved areas representing a reversal (mirror image) of the parts to show printed. The linoleum sheet is inked with a roller, and then impressed onto paper or fabric. The actual printing can be done by hand or with a press.
In the case of the prints: Elliott & Henrietta and We Three Queens, two lino boards have been used to create the final prints, each board was inked with one colour and when the two colours merged a third colour (and darker colour) is created.
What is a woodcut?
A Woodcut is a relief printing technique which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface while the non-printing parts are removed, typically with gouges. The areas to show 'white' are cut away with a knife or chisel, leaving the characters or image to show in 'black' at the original surface level. The block is cut along the grain of the wood (unlike wood engraving where the block is cut in the end-grain). Woodcut is similar technique to Linocut, however due to the difference in material, the carved marks are quite different.
What is a mono print?
I mono print is a method of printmaking that is a one off, hence mono. Most mono printing methods involve working with oil based inks on a plate. There can be multiple layers. For mono printing, no two prints are alike.
What is a mono screen linocut?
This method combines mono printing, linocut printing and screen-printing. For the work by Caroline Jackman, she creates a template using a screen, and using various inks at one time, drawing them through the screen to create various combinations of colours. Each print is unique as the combination of colours changes with every screen. The lino cut is then printed on top of the colour print; the result is a black image on top of colour.
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